- After raising rates in 2018, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell cut them in 2019.
- The S&P 500 Index is up a whopping 36% due to the rate cuts.
- In this article, I’ll show you how to watch Powell’s next move.
One year ago, the holiday season wasn’t very merry.
Sure, there were Christmas carolers caroling, houses were strung up with holiday lights and dads were driving around with oversized pine trees strapped to the roofs of their minivans.
But the stock market wasn’t in a celebratory mood. It was as bad as it gets.
From early October to Christmas Eve, the S&P 500 Index dropped nearly 20% from its highs. That was enough to erase almost the entire Trump tax cut rally in just a few months.
Sentiment readings showed extreme levels of fear. We also heard from readers just like you with your concerns about the market and the economy’s future.
When you look at today’s strong market, it’s hard to believe that the bears were in control a year ago. They spent the holiday season obliterating investors’ favorite tech stocks:
- Amazon tanked 35%, even though holiday sales were strong.
- Apple took a 38% holiday haircut.
- And Facebook wound up with coal in its stocking, dropping 46%.
But on Christmas Eve, the selling stopped. Since the low of that day, the S&P 500 is up a whopping 36%.
It wasn’t the Ghost of Christmas Future that scared the bejeezus out of the bears and saved Christmas (and all of 2019). It was Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell.
In this article, I’ll show you how to watch Powell’s next move to see where the market might be headed…
The Only Surprise Is There Are No Surprises
The Federal Reserve Reform Act of 1977 gave the Fed two main responsibilities or mandates (it’s really three):
- Maintaining maximum employment.
- Maintaining stable prices.
- Moderating long-term interest rates.
To achieve these goals, the Fed pulls and pushes on the various levers of the monetary system. Lately, it has been raising and cutting short-term interest rates.
After raising rates in 2018, it cut them by 0.75% in 2019. Stocks sold off when rates rose, and rallied when they were cut.
Since the financial crisis, the Fed has tried to be as transparent as possible. This means when it hints of a move on rates, and the market predicts that move, it always follows through.
Transparency is how the Fed maintains its credibility and the market’s stability. If it were constantly doing the opposite of what everyone predicted, we wouldn’t think of it as credible.
Investors can track what the market predicts by looking at the CME Group’s Fed funds futures probability.
Here’s a screenshot of where the market predicts the Fed will be on rates at the last meeting of 2020:
The tallest, shaded bar on the right is where rates are now (150 to 175 basis points, or 1.5% to 1.75%).
The chart indicates there’s a 51.5% chance that rates will be the same a year from now.
There’s a 36% chance of a 25-basis-point cut.
There’s a 10.6% chance of a 50-basis-point cut.
There’s a 1.7% chance of a 75-basis-point cut, and a 0.2% chance of a 100-basis-point cut.
Right now, the market is predicting a 0% chance of a rate increase!
However, rate expectations have started to shift toward a more hawkish path in the past month.
Notice that a month ago (in the red-circled area on the right), there was a 29.3% chance of rates staying the same, and higher chances of cuts. That probability has shifted to 51.5% currently.
These expectations have shifted because the U.S. added 266,000 jobs last month, and there’s more clarity on the trade impasse with China.
Be Vigilant for Rate Hikes in 2020
For most of 2019, investors expected rate cuts. That’s why the market rallied from the depths of last year’s holiday sell-off.
It was like the Fed stepped on the gas pedal.
We’ve now reached the speed of traffic on the highway, and the Fed turned on cruise control.
We must be vigilant that the Fed isn’t going to hit the brakes anytime soon.
If the economy starts to overheat, and rate odds shift more toward raising rates in 2020, I expect we’ll see a similar sell-off as in 2018.
Editor, Automatic Fortunes
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